# Dice game probabilities

``````func combos(sides, n) {
n || return [1]
var ret = ([0] * (n*sides.max + 1))
combos(sides, n-1).each_kv { |i,v|
v && for s in sides { ret[i + s] += v }
}
return ret
}

func winning(sides1, n1, sides2, n2) {
var (p1, p2) = (combos(sides1, n1), combos(sides2, n2))
var (win,loss,tie) = (0,0,0)
p1.each_kv { |i, x|
win  += x*p2.ft(0,i-1).sum
tie  += x*p2.ft(i, i).sum
loss += x*p2.ft(i+1).sum
}
[win, tie, loss] »/» p1.sum*p2.sum
}

func display_results(String title, Array res) {
say "=> #{title}"
for name, prob in (%w(p₁\ win tie p₂\ win) ~Z res) {
say "P(#{'%6s' % name}) =~ #{prob.round(-11)} (#{prob.as_frac})"
}
print "\n"
}

display_results('9D4 vs 6D6',  winning(range(1, 4), 9, range(1,6), 6))
display_results('5D10 vs 6D7', winning(range(1,10), 5, range(1,7), 6))
``````

#### Output:

``````=> 9D4 vs 6D6
P(p₁ win) =~ 0.57314407678 (48679795/84934656)
P(   tie) =~ 0.07076616984 (144252007/2038431744)
P(p₂ win) =~ 0.35608975338 (725864657/2038431744)

=> 5D10 vs 6D7
P(p₁ win) =~ 0.64278862872 (3781171969/5882450000)
P(   tie) =~ 0.04449603031 (523491347/11764900000)
P(p₂ win) =~ 0.31271534097 (735812943/2352980000)
``````